Ciao Guys, Manuel's here from masteryourtrack.com .
Being a mastering engineer gives me the opportunity to work with a lot of producers, bands and mixing engineers. I work with experienced professionals but also with beginners from all levels. Working with the latter I've noticed a series of common mistakes. In this article I would give you some advice particularly helpful when dealing with vocal recording and mixing.
In order to avoid the proximity effect, don't put the microphone too close to the singer.
If you have the opportunity, experiment with different microphones. Do it, and use the one that best suit the voice you are recording.
Experiment also with dynamic microphone (especially if you are a bedroom producer). Some very good vocal, even in studio, have been recorded with a Sure SM57. A Sure SM7 is also a great dynamic mic for vocal. The advantage of dynamic microphones is that they are less sensible to the surround noises and bad reverberation of the room.
If you have one use a portable isolation booth.
Try to angle the microphone if you feel it helps to reduce some annoying "s".
While recording pay attention to saliva noises. If there are some ask the singer to drink some water.
Use a pop shield (or pop filter) to reduce the plosive like "p", "b".
If you need to tune the vocal, do it. If you don’t need to, it means you are working with a good singer. Of course the tuning softwares can be used also for creative purposes.
Forget trying to turn a bad vocal recording into a good one in post-production (editing). It just won’t happen. In that case you'll have to compromise a lot or consider to re-record the vocal.
If the recording is too dry, try using two reverbs: one room and one plate.
If you find yourself playing too much with EQing a vox, the recording is probably not good enough to be mixed.
Don’t over-compress the voice. Most of the time using two compressors back-to-back with less gain reduction work better. Set one compressor to reduce the peaks and the other one to control the RMS.
Pay attention to sibilants and plosives “s”, “c”, “p” and reduce them with a volume automation if you need. For sibilances you can also use a de-esser.
Pay attention to breaths and reduce them with a volume automation if you need.